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Exploring the Damaging Effects: What Does Hail Damage Look Like on a Roof?

Exploring the Damaging Effects: What Does Hail Damage Look Like on a Roof?

What does hail damage look like on a roof? It can be difficult for a layperson to distinguish between a normal roof and one that has suffered meaningful hail damage. Often, the signs of hail damage are subtle to the naked eye. However, a trained roofing professional will know whether a roof has sustained hail damage.

Percentage of Homeowners Insurance Claims

That said, a homeowner must be careful not to trust just any roofing contractor. Many inscrutable, less experienced, or unscrupulous roofers will claim your roof incurred hail damage when it did not. Sometimes, they will overstate the issue simply to have a homeowner submit a homeowner’s insurance claim. Avoid them!

What Does Hail Damage Look Like On A Roof?

A knowledgeable and experienced roofing professional understands what factors to consider when evaluating a roof for possible hail damage. They will routinely employ advanced technology (aerial imaging and infrared scanning) and methodologies (utilizing cutting-edge software) to pinpoint the cause of roof damage and ascertain whether hail contributed to the roofing problem.

Hail damage on shingles outlined in chalk.

Identifying A Hail-Damaged Roof

A roof suffering hail damage often will exhibit common characteristics depending on the wind direction and speed, the size and density of the hailstones, and the home’s building materials used to construct the roofing system. Understanding these factors helps a reputable roofing contractor understand the extent of hail damage to a roofing system.

Hailstones in a man's hand.

The Velocity At Which Hail Strikes A Roof

High straight-line winds can cause hailstones to travel a path at a more oblique or sideways slanted angle relative to the ground surface. Thus, “horizontal velocity” can potentially create more damage to a home than “vertical velocity.” Often, if a hailstone drops straight down from the sky, it will travel in a relatively fast pattern, but not nearly as quickly as a hailstone moving in a more horizontal direction. Naturally, other factors (outside of velocity) are crucial in determining the breadth of hail damage to a roof.

5 Types Of Hail Damage On A Roof

Granules on an asphalt shingle make it appear like sandpaper. Hailstones may strip away those granules.

Dark discoloration in random patterns signifies the penetration of hail against a roof’s outer surface.

Hailstones often strike with such force that they ultimately fracture a shingle’s underlying fiberglass mat.

Irregular indentations on a roofing surface suggest that the roof has incurred meaningful hail damage.

Because hailstones can pelt a roof at a high velocity, small tears and tiny fissures in the shingles may form.

3 Signs To Help Spot Wind Damage To A Roof

wind damaged shingles

1. Bald Spots On Asphalt Shingles

Granules on asphalt shingles provide an effective barrier against the damaging effects of direct sunlight. A powerful wind can strip shingles of granules quickly. Consequently, bare areas develop, causing the shingle to become virtually useless (necessitating replacement).

2. Damaged Soffits Or Fascia Boards

As visible roofing components, soffits, and fascia boards are constantly exposed to the outside elements. During a thunderstorm, a large gust can bend, loosen, or tear off a soffit or fascia board. As a result, water can much more easily penetrate through these open gaps.

3. Loose Or Missing Shingles Or Tiles

A straight-line or hurricane-strength wind can weaken a shingle’s adhesion, causing it to separate from the other shingles or fall off entirely. Loose or missing shingles open the door to water and moisture intrusion through the roofing system and into the home’s interior.

5 Ways For Knowing When A Roof Has Suffered Rain Damage

Gutters and downspouts filled with dirt, debris, asphalt shingle granules, and other roofing materials may indicate a leaky, inefficient roof.

Relentless winds can cause tiny tears in roofing materials. Sometimes, these splits can be virtually invisible without using advanced technology.

Algae and moss thrive in areas with abundant moisture, humidity, and shade. If allowed to grow unchecked, they will destroy a roof’s integrity.

Mold can cause serious health problems for occupants. A leaky roof will allow moisture to penetrate dank, poorly ventilated spaces – perfect for mold.

If the roof decking, underlayment, or structural components of a roofing system absorb water because of a leaky roof, the wood can deteriorate.

Finding A Reputable Roofing Professional To Assess Hail Damage

For residential homeowners in Central Alabama, North Alabama, or Middle Tennessee, including Franklin, TN, and surrounding Greater Nashville communities, Yellowhammer Roofing offers unmatched roofing services. We are intimately familiar with this geographical region and recognize the roofing needs of homeowners. 

Of crucial importance, our team of roofing inspectors understands how to identify hail damage to your roof following a heavy thunderstorm and what steps to take if processing a homeowner’s insurance claim makes sense. Unlike some roofers, we won’t mislead you. Instead, we will give you honest, straightforward advice.

To learn more about our roofing services or to schedule an initial consultation, contact Yellowhammer Roofing today.

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